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All Posts Tagged: Kyphoplasty surgery


What Is Kyphoplasty And How The Procedure Is Performed?

This is a slightly invasive procedure for the treatment of painful vertebral compression fractures, which are fractures relating the vertebral bodies that make up the spinal column. At the point when a vertebral body fractures, the typical rectangular shape of the bone ends up compressed, as a result, triggers the pain.

These compression fractures may include the breakdown of one or more vertebrae in the spine and are a common aftereffect of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disorder that outcomes in a loss of normal bone density, mass and strength, driving towards a condition in which bones turn out to be more and more porous, and helpless against breaking easily.

In order to perform kyphoplasty treatment, doctors utilize image guidance, in most cases fluoroscopy, in order to inject a blend of cement into the cracked bone through a hollow needle.

Kyphoplasty Treatment Before and During the Procedure

Preparation for the Procedure:

Based on the fact that kyphoplasty treatment is a surgical procedure, the doctor will most likely require some blood tests prior to the day of the procedure. Furthermore, X-Ray or MRI will enable the doctor to see the area or areas that need repair.

In the process of preparation, an intravenous line will be set in a vein in order to deliver anesthesia. You may likewise get pain and anti-nausea medications, as well as antibiotics,  to avoid infection. The patient most likely additionally be connected to the heart, pulse, and blood pressure monitors.

Kyphoplasty Treatment Procedure:

In these sort of procedures, patients are required to lie down on the stomach. The area in which the needle will be inserted is shaved on the off chance that obligatory and afterwards cleaned and sterilized.

Following Are The Steps Performed By The Surgeon:

  • A hollow needle is inserted into the skin with the guidance of fluoroscopy, this is a kind of X-Ray. They guide the needle through the muscles and into the right position in the bone.
  • In the next step, an inflatable balloon is inserted into the trocar.
  • After that, the balloon is inflated in order to make the space required for the bone cement.
  • As soon as space has opened up, the blend is injected in order to fill it. In this case, imaging tests work in a way to assist the surgeon to confirm that the blend is distributed appropriately.
  • As soon as the mixture is set up, the needle is taken out.
  • After that, the area is bandaged. In this case, stitches won’t be required.
  • IV and monitoring equipment are removed.


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Get rid of the spinal fracture pain by Kyphoplasty

The Kyphoplasty procedure is done to alleviate the pain arising due to spinal compression fractures, to support the bone and to bring back significant lost spinal body height due to compression fracture

Performing Kyphoplasty Surgery

The Kyphoplasty surgery is carried out by making a very minimal incision in the back by the means of which the physician places a slim tube under the guidance of fluoroscopy so that the tube can reach the fractured part of the spinal disc cutting through the skin into the bone

With the guidance of  an X-ray images the physician injects a specialized balloon with the help of a tube and delicately blow up the balloon. As the balloon enlarges, it raises the broken pieces of the fracture bone, restoring it to the correct position, also the balloon tightens the soft inner bone to produce a gap in the spine. The balloon  is taken out by the physician using a specialized tool exerting a small amount of stress and fill up the cavity with a cement resembling substance. The material hardens soon after supporting the bone. The procedure usually takes an hour to be completed for each disc. The procedure is less complicated and need patient to stay one day at the hospital. The Kyphoplasty is generally works best for the patients undergoing fractures  from osteoarthritis


For some patients the pain can be easily and instantly eliminated, however, some patients experience relief  within a day or two. Soon after the therapy the patients can return to their routinely activities, though heavy exercises and weight lifting should  be avoided for a period of two months.

Candidates for Kyphoplasty

Kyphoplasty does not give permanent relief from certain abnormalities of the spinal column, and certain  patients with osteoporosis are not recommended for Kyphoplasty

Risks and Complications of Kyphoplasty

As with the invasive procedure, there are some risks attached that may generally include reactions from anesthesia and infections. Other risks that are particularly associated with Kyphoplasty treatment may be;

  • Nerve damage or a spinal cord injury from wrongly inserted instruments placed in the back
  • Nerve injury or spinal cord compression from leaking of the cement into veins or epidural space
  • Allergic reaction to the solution used to see the balloon on the X-ray image as it inflates

Patients suffering from Osteoporosis are certainly at risks of more fractures with the procedure due to weakened bones from Osteopororsis.

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