It is the most common trouble that affects most people at some point in their life. Bad posture while sitting or standing or bending awkwardly, lifting incorrectly etc will trigger pain and lead to a serious condition. From a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain, back pain makes it even hard to move.
To know about the reason of pain in the back you must thoroughly understand the causes that land you in such kind of problem:
Causes of back pain:
Mechanical problems at the back can cause back pain. For instance:
- Disk breakdown
- Ruptured disks
- Tense muscles
Moreover, injuries from sprains, fractures, accidents and falls can also result in back pain.
Some diseases and specific conditions bolstering back pain are:
- Kidney stones
- Spinal stenosis
Below are the best things you can do to prevent back pain:
- Exercise regularly so that your back muscles remain strong
- If you are a heavy weight then surely, it will be difficult for you to even survive the pain. So, maintain a healthy weight or lose weight if you weigh too much.
- Maintaining a good posture, will always help you in alleviating pain. So, stand up straight and avoid heavy lifting when you can. In case you have to lift something heavy, then bend your legs and keep your back straight.
You may opt for Surgery if:
All the preventive measures are of no use then you may go for surgery in the following conditions:
- Herniated Disk – When one or more of the disks, that cushion the bones of the spine are damaged.
- Spinal Stenosis – A condition in which the spinal canal becomes narrow
- Spondylolisthesis– When bones of the spine slip out of place
- Vertebral fractures– A fracture because of a blow to the spine or by the crumbling of the bone due to osteoporosis.
- Degenerative disk disease– The aging factor can lead to breaking down of disks resulting in severe pain.
There are cases, in which back pain will improve in a few weeks or months. But to fight with this problem and reduce your pain in a short period of time you must take the following medications:
These are over-the-counter drugs such as acetaminophen and aspirin or prescription pain medications.
These are creams, ointments and salves rubbed onto the skin over the site of pain.
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
These are drugs that will help in reducing both pain and swelling. It includes drugs such as ibuprofen, ketoprofen, and naproxen sodium.
Muscle relaxants & Antidepressants
These are usually prescribed for chronic back pain, but don’t work in all types of back pain.