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Symptoms, causes and treatment of musculoskeletal pain

The pain that affects the muscles, ligaments, tendons and bones is referred as musculoskeletal pain.

Causes of musculoskeletal pain

There are several different causes of musculoskeletal pain, muscles and tissues can be damaged with the daily activities. Jerking movements, sudden falls, fractures, spasms, dislocations and direct hit to the muscles can cause musculoskeletal pain. Other causes may include posture strain, repetitive movements, excessive use and continued confinement, poor posture and poor workplace setting may bring vertebral alignment problems and muscle contraction, therefore causing pressure on other muscles and affecting their function causing severe pain, since pain is the most common indication of most musculoskeletal disorders. The pain varies from mild to severe and from acute to chronic and if stays for a long time can diffuse to other organs

Musculoskeletal disorder often causes pain by pinching nerves, these conditions may include carpal tunnel syndrome, the pain causes a burning sensation and diffuse along the nerve path, accompanied by tingling, weakness and numbness

In some cases the muscle pain is often a consequence of dysfunction of other organ systems

What Are the Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Pain?

The symptoms of musculoskeletal pain are accompanied with pain in the whole body as muscles are excessively used or pulled, sometimes the muscles seems to shiver or become inflamed, the symptoms may vary from person to person but the common symptoms are;

  • Pain
  • Fatigues
  • Sleep disorders

How the pain is diagnosed?

Your physician will conduct a thorough physical examination and medical history, additionally the doctor will  conduct a diagnostic study to confirm the diagnosis


  • Blood tests
  • X-rays
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),
  • CT scans
  • Joint fluid testing


How Is Musculoskeletal Pain Treated?

Several manual therapies and mobilization techniques have been used to treat people with spinal arrangement problems, for the acute musculoskeletal pain these manual techniques have been very effective and showed rapid results

Medications such as NSAID may be used to treat inflammation, sensation and pain

Other treatments may include: